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Reducing dependency in Saudi Arabia: sustainability as a goal

Updated: Nov 16, 2023

Saudi Arabia is known throughout the world for its abundant wealth in natural resources, especially oil and natural gas. However, this dependence on non-renewable resources has led to a progressive depletion of these resources and has generated a negative impact on the environment.



One of the biggest challenges facing Saudi Arabia in relation to reducing the consumption of non-renewable resources is the dependence of its economy on the production and export of oil. According to data from the World Bank, oil and natural gas represent more than 90% of the country's exports and close to 50% of its GDP. This economic dependence on non-renewable resources makes it difficult to reduce their consumption.


We must take into account that non-renewable natural resources are those that are depleted with use and cannot be regenerated naturally in a reasonable period of time, such as oil, natural gas, coal, metals, and minerals, among others. As the world's population and consumption increase, the demand for these resources skyrockets, and they are depleted faster and faster. That’s why it’s vital to reduce the consumption of these non-renewable resources and seek more sustainable alternatives to ensure a prosperous future for generations to come.


Oil is one of the most used non-renewable resources in the world. It is used as fuel for automobiles, heating, and as a raw material for the petrochemical industry. The massive use of fossil fuels such as oil is causing unprecedented climate change, affecting the environment and people's health. In addition, its extraction and production cause a significant ecological footprint and a high emission of greenhouse gases. Reducing the consumption of oil and other fossil fuels is one of the most important measures to fight climate change and preserve our planet.


That is why it is crucial that Saudi Arabia take steps to reduce its consumption and encourage sustainable development. One way to do this could be by promoting the transition to renewable energy, such as solar or wind power. In recent years, the country has started to invest in renewable energy projects, but it is still far behind other countries in this area.


Another important measure could be the promotion of energy efficiency policies. This means adopting energy-saving technologies and practices, such as LED lighting or improving thermal insulation in buildings. This would reduce energy consumption and therefore the dependence on non-renewable resources.



Reducing the consumption of non-renewable natural resources is decisive to protect our planet and ensure a sustainable future for the next generations. To achieve this, we must adopt a more responsible and conscious approach in our consumption decisions and opt for more sustainable and renewable alternatives. This involves promoting energy efficiency, developing cleaner and more sustainable technologies, adopting more responsible business practices, and recycling and reusing materials to reduce the need for new resources.



Now is the time for Saudi Arabia to promote conservation and environmental protection policies. This would imply, for example, the protection of natural resources and the promotion of recycling and waste management practices. In addition, it is also important to raise awareness and educate the population about the importance of sustainability and reducing the consumption of non-renewable resources.


We all have a role to play in achieving a more sustainable and healthy future for our planet and our communities. That's why Governments around the world should promote renewable energy, energy efficiency, and environmental protection and conservation policies.



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