Sustainable materials in construction
Sustainable architecture and construction have arrived and have settled strongly in our country. There is a growing need for the search for techniques that focus on the planet, that bet on less harmful materials, free of toxins and proximity.
Let's review the sector and its figures
The real estate sector is known to be one of the sectors directly responsible for global energy consumption. In addition, it is on the list of sectors with the highest greenhouse gas emissions, leading the list.
This is why there is no choice but to look for alternatives to reduce these outlandish figures. It is necessary to think about the present and the short-term future (we are running out of time). We must bet on building models that aim at the welfare and respect for both its inhabitants and the environment.
Special features of sustainable materials
For sustainable architecture and construction, we must look for materials in line with its philosophy and values. It is about using materials that fit the construction model and that offer us durability and guarantee when building. Obviously, the non-polluting factor is one of the first to be crossed off the list of ideal materials for sustainable architecture and construction.
In addition, it should be added to those already mentioned, that they come from a fair production, from abundant and renewable sources and that the energy consumption during their life cycle is reduced.
On the other hand, they must be products free of toxic and harmful substances for people and the environment, and part of their composition must be made of recycled materials. To close the list of particularities, it could also be included that the price of the products should be fair and accessible.
Its impact on the environment
It is essential that the materials used in the construction of sustainable homes generate the smallest possible environmental footprint. We could summarize them in five points:
The origin of these materials must be sustainable, certified and with a minimum impact on ecosystems.
Control over the consumption and origin of the natural resources used to obtain these materials.
Low energy consumption in their life cycle phases is necessary.
Linked to the previous point, CO2 emissions must be controlled during their manufacture and subsequent transport.
At the end of their useful life, the materials used should be recognized as waste and treated accordingly.
Which sustainable materials should I consider
The time has come to reduce the environmental impact of working with traditional architectural and construction materials and to use sustainable materials. Let's bet on a future of construction that respects the planet.
Listed below are some of the materials used in sustainable architecture and construction:
Used in construction for many years, wood has a low environmental impact, both in its production and in its life cycle. It is necessary to verify and prove its origin by means of a certificate of origin and exploitation. Considering energy consumption, this material is a very good thermal insulator, which allows us to reduce the use of heating and air conditioning.
This mineral product, ecological and with a minimum use of energy and water during its life cycle, meets all the parameters to be considered a sustainable material. In addition to being durable and reusable, it is a magnificent acoustic and thermal insulator. It is also non-toxic and low-maintenance.
They are made of wood shavings pressed under high pressure to provide strength and consistency. It is a clear example of a recycled material, since it comes from the remains of wood from sawmills.