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Technological innovation: Driving the transition towards a low carbon economy

Updated: Sep 22, 2023

Global warming has become the biggest challenge for today's society. As its impact becomes more evident, there is also increasing momentum towards technological innovation as part of the solution.

It has taken decades for society to open its eyes and realize the importance of fighting climate change, but it is never too late when we talk about taking care of planet Earth. Investing in research and development of clean technologies can drive the transition to a low carbon economy, such as the emerging technological solutions that are helping in the fight against global warming.

Floating wind turbines are one of the most promising technological solutions to take advantage of offshore wind energy. These types of devices, which are installed in deep water, could become a key clean energy source in the future. Wind turbines have the potential to significantly increase wind power generation capacity and expand its reach to coastal regions where the installation of onshore turbines is not feasible. In addition, it has the advantage of potentially having a low environmental impact.

However, the electrification of transport has a crucial role in the fight against climate change, since electric vehicles not only offer a sustainable alternative, but also offer an emission-free alternative to traditional vehicles. Electric transportation is becoming an increasingly viable and attractive option for consumers, consisting of constant advances in batteries and charging infrastructure. This type of vehicle can significantly reduce CO₂ emissions and improve air quality in large cities, which is why several countries have chosen to support the purchase of electric cars.

At the same time, carbon capture and storage (CCS) is a technology that seeks to reduce CO₂ emissions from fossil fuel sources and industrial processes. This consists of capturing the gases already emitted and storing them safely for the long term, often underground, with the goal of eliminating 90% of emissions. This technology would help reduce and limit climate change. However, we are talking about a technology that needs to be further explored, as it faces technical and economic challenges; on the one hand, because it needs more investment in research, and on the other, because, as reported by La Marea, fears have arisen about the potential danger of CO₂ escaping from storage areas and becoming more harmful. In the future and after having been carefully investigated, it could be an effective tool in mitigating climate change. For now, it is a technology that is being explored as a solution to climate change.

That is why one of the most viable options would be to take advantage of the Earth's heat with the help of geothermal energy. This energy is responsible for using the natural heat from inside the Earth to generate electricity and heating, producing steam and driving electricity-generating turbines. It is a renewable, inexhaustible and clean source of energy, and its use can reduce dependence on fossil fuels. In fact, the researchers expect geothermal energy to play a crucial role in the transition to more sustainable energy.

To accelerate the effective implementation of these technological solutions, it is crucial to have collaboration between governments, industries and society. The fight against climate change requires a multidimensional approach, and technological innovation plays a crucial role in developing sustainable solutions.

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