The danger of e-waste: how mismanagement threatens the environment and human health
Electronic waste, also known as e-waste, is a growing problem worldwide. Its mismanagement endangers the environment and human health, threatening life as we know it.
E-waste is a type of waste generated by the obsolescence and discarding of electronic devices, such as computers, mobile phones, televisions, and household appliances. This type of waste may contain mercury, lead, cadmium and other heavy metals; hazardous substances that can be harmful to human health and the environment.
E-waste is a growing problem globally, as the number of electronic devices that are produced and discarded each year is increasing rapidly. According to official UN data, in 2019 alone, more than 53 million tons of electronic waste were generated worldwide, and it’s expected to increase to 74 million tons by the year 2030.
Due to the toxic and harmful components contained in electronic devices, this type of waste represents a danger to the environment. These components can contaminate the soil, water and air, which can have serious consequences for human health and the environment.
In addition to heavy metals, e-waste can also contain plastics and other non-biodegradable materials, such as plastics, which can persist in the environment for years. These plastics may contain dangerous chemicals, such as brominated flame retardants, which are used in some plastics to prevent fires.
When these toxic and dangerous components are not managed properly, they can seriously pollute the environment. For example, if devices are disposed of in landfills or burned, heavy metals and other chemicals can seep into the ground and contaminate groundwater, including nearby rivers, lakes and oceans.
If they are exported to developing countries for disassembly, workers who disassemble them may be exposed to harmful and dangerous substances without adequate protection, seriously damaging their health. The burning process can generate highly toxic gases that can pollute the air and affect the respiratory health of people living near the dumps.
Keep in mind that the production of electronic devices requires a large amount of energy and emits greenhouse gases, contributing to climate change.
There's no doubt that one of the main challenges in relation to e-waste is the proper recycling of this waste. To address this problem, different measures are being implemented, such as the regulation of electronic waste management, the promotion of recycling and reuse of electronic devices, and awareness of the importance of reducing the consumption and disposal of electronic devices. Some companies are also adopting more sustainable practices in the production and design of their products to reduce the amount of e-waste generated.
E-waste is a growing environmental problem that requires effective measures to address its negative impacts on human health and the environment. Proper recycling, reducing the consumption and disposal of electronic devices, and reuse are some of the key actions that we can take to contribute to a more sustainable management of this waste.